Loaf bread is widely consumed, and its sensory acceptability is essential for
consumers’ quality assurance. Current trends in sensory techniques for costeffective
methods in food product development are the use of screening designs.
This study investigated to identify the variables that affect significantly on the
sensory acceptability of loaf bread processing. The design was composed of seven
variables (refined sugar, fresh milk, salt, yam flour, oil, margarine, and yeast) with
eight treatments using the combination of low and high levels of the variables
following the Plackett-Burman 7x8 screening design pattern. Color, taste, aroma,
texture and general acceptability of the loaf bread were evaluated using a 9.00
point Hedonic scale through 20 semi-trained panelists. SPSS 11.5 and Statistica 6.0
were used to analyze the data. Results revealed that lower levels of yam flour and
margarine but with high levels of oil is preferred by most panelists pertaining to
taste, aroma, texture, and general acceptability except the color of the loaf bread.
Lowering the levels of yam flour and margarine but with high levels of oil improved
the sensory attributes of the loaf bread. It is recommended that these levels of
variables be used for loaf bread optimization designs.