that are unfamiliar or not common in the specific field of the study should be defined in a footnote. This footnote should be placed on the first page of the article. If such abbreviations are necessary to be included in the abstract, they must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. There should be a consistency of abbreviations all throughout the article.
Nomenclature and units
internationally accepted rules and conventions should be followed. It is recommended to use the international system of units (SI). If there are other quantities mentioned, provide their equivalent in SI. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) website can be referred to for further information (http://www.iupac.org/).
should not be written along with the sentences, instead, use a separate line to indicate all the symbols used in equations, and they should be italicized. In the main text, equations should be labeled as Eq. (2) or Eqs. (1) and (2). Even symbols used in the text should also be written in italics. Serial numbers should be written on the right side of the row where the numerical formula was applied.
There should be less use of footnotes. If used, they should be numbered sequentially throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Built-in footnotes in the word processors may be used. If unavailable, mention the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Footnotes must not be included in the Reference list.
The principles of figure use and construction of the latest edition of APA (6th ed., 2nd Printing) must be followed. Graphs, charts, maps, drawings, and photographs should be labeled as Figures.
It should supplement the text.
4.5.1 Preparing Figures
Figure captions should be indicated separately, not attached to the figure itself. Include the figure number and a title with a legend and caption, and place them below the visual display. The figure number shall be italicized (Figure X.), followed by the title of the figure in sentence case, and a legend that explains the symbols in the figure and a caption that explains the figure.Example:
Figure 1. How to create figures in APA style. This figure illustrates effective elements in APA style figures.
(Source: APA Tables and Figures, https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/19/)
Tables should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Vertical rules must be avoided. The use of tables must be minimized and that the data presented in tables do not repeat the results mentioned elsewhere in the article. If tables from other source are used, copy the original table, and cite the source using APA style.
Guidelines For Contributors: Downloadable File